By Kristyn Brady, TRCP
Leaders of the Gulf of Mexico's recreational fishing community reaffirmed their commitment to improving the region's fisheries and access opportunities following the announcement of an $18.7-billion settlement between BP, the five Gulf States, and the federal government for environmental damages and lost revenues resulting from the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil disaster. According to details released today, BP will pay $5.5 billion in Clean Water Act penalties, and at least $5 billion to Louisiana alone, for injuries determined through a Natural Resource Damage Assessment. Funds will be paid over 16 years. BP will also commit $232 million to any future damage.
The Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Partnership and its sportfishing partners—the American Sportfishing Association, Coastal Conservation Association, and Center for Coastal Conservation—have been working closely with the Gulf's angling community, state and federal agencies, researchers, and conservation groups since 2010 to identify and advance projects and initiatives to sustain and improve fisheries using oil spill recovery funds.
Image courtesy of Louisiana's GOHSEP.
"Exactly five years ago, oil was still spilling into the Gulf, closing and limiting recreational fishing and making the future of Gulf fisheries uncertain," says TRCP Center for Marine Fisheries Director Chris Macaluso. "This settlement gives us a clearer picture of what the future of Gulf fishing will look like, by allowing state and federal agencies and research institutions an immediate timeline and definitive budget for selecting the projects and initiatives that will protect and restore damaged ecosystems. It is critical that we get to work restoring, protecting, and improving habitat now, rather than after a decade or more of litigation."
"Louisiana is losing critical fish habitat on a daily basis, and it's very important that projects to restore our coast and curb land loss move forward to the design and construction phase as quickly as possible," says CCA Louisiana Executive Director David Cresson. "Our organization remains committed to representing the saltwater fishermen of our state in ensuring that barrier islands, reefs, marshes, science centers, and fisheries management are at the top of the lists of projects built with these unprecedented conservation funds."
In 2013, TRCP and its partners released the report "Gulf of Mexico Recreational Fisheries: Recommendations for Restoration, Recovery and Sustainability," which broadly identified steps to improve habitat, fisheries science, data collection, and boost angler confidence that damages would be repaired. We followed up that report with a list of 25 specific Gulf-area projects that would help accomplish these broad goals, including barrier island restoration efforts in Louisiana and Alabama, Gulf-wide fish tagging and catch-and-release mortality reduction programs, water quality improvement efforts in Florida and Texas, and the restoration of oyster reefs throughout the Gulf. These projects remain a priority today.
Image courtesy of Patrick Quigley.
"Saltwater recreational fishing is enjoyed by more than 3.5 million Gulf residents, and many more who visit the area each year," says Jeff Angers, president of the Center for Coastal Conservation. "Wise investment of this settlement will give anglers in the region a chance to have better management of our fisheries, better places to fish, and better access to wonderful fishing opportunities. Gulf anglers remain committed to working with state and federal officials to ensure fisheries conservation is given top priority."
"Recreational fishing in the Gulf accounts for more than $10 billion in annual contributions to the region's economy and supports nearly 100,000 jobs," says Mike Leonard, American Sportfishing Association's ocean resource policy director. "This economic activity came to a grinding halt in the spring and summer of 2010 due to the oil spill, and it can only be sustained or increased by building better fisheries science and management and better habitats that attract fishermen. This settlement allows us to make commitments to improve the Gulf's fisheries for generations to come."