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WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 9, 2019

CLASSES
Located on Siesta Key, named Best Beach in America, the school will cover fly casting basics, line control, shooting line and the roll cast. Use of Orvis tackle as well as lunch is included.
COMPETITIONS
Team Aqua-Vu anglers Brandon Newby and Ryan Wilson won the recent 2018 North American Ice Fishing Championship (NAIFC) and over $13,000, thanks to their relentless fish-finding approach.
CONSERVATION
The Ohio Department of Natural Resources (ODNR) and the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recently received approval from the State Controlling Board to begin funding nearly $10 million in projects aimed toward helping to keep dredged material out of Lake Erie

ELECTRONICS
Garmin International, Inc., a unit of Garmin Ltd. (NASDAQ:GRMN), announced that its popular line of ECHOMAP™ Plus sonar combination units will now include its new BlueChart g3 and LakeVü g3 cartography products built-in for coastal and inland boating and fishing.
Garmin International, Inc., a unit of Garmin Ltd. (NASDAQ:GRMN), today announced the Panoptix LiveScope™ LVS12 , a new transducer in the award-winning Panoptix LiveScope series that offers both 30-degree forward and 30-degree down real-time scanning sonar views.
ENFORCEMENT
In the latest incident, an estimated 200 pounds plus of aquatic life (Aholehole) were entangled in the net and brought to shore by two men

EVENTS
The annual Yankee Sportsman’s Classic show will be held January 18, 19 and 20 at the Champlain Valley Expo in Essex Junction, and the Vermont Fish & Wildlife Department is inviting you to visit their exhibits and attend their seminars at the show.
FISHERIES
With new stocking efforts of forage fish and salmon and renewed public access, this once-great fishing lake is back in prime form once again.
To keep up with the most current regulations, fishermen using the Council's current Gulf of Mexico Fishing Regulations mobile application must download Fish Rules and uninstall the former application.

HONORS &
The Southern Trout Legends of the Fly Hall of Fame induction for six new members is scheduled for February 1st at the Atlanta Fly Fishing Show.
ICE FISHING
Tiny Northland jigs turn on the bite in Big Stone and Clear lakes as the ice fishing season gets into full swing.
INDUSTRY
With the 2019 boat show season kicking off this week, NMMA is inviting all stakeholders and exhibitors to join the advocacy team at select shows for a discussion on important issues impacting the recreational boating industry.
As boat show season kicks off, take advantage of GrowBoating.org's 'Tools You Can Use' section, which offers a wide variety of FREE promotional assets and marketing resources that businesses are encouraged to utilize.
NEW PRODUCTS
Building upon their heritage in crafting the most realistic lures available, and their dominance in the arena of hollow body topwater research and development, the artisans at LIVETARGET unveil an entirely new topwater lure design, one that’s going to rock saltwater fisheries everywhere.
RADIO
This week on Northwestern Outdoors Radio we'll tell you where the Northwest Salmon Derby Series will be taking place when we chat with Derby Director Mark Yuasa.
SHOWS
The Los Angeles Boat Show is set to kick off Jan. 10 and continue through Jan. 13, at the Fairplex in Pomona, Calif.
STATES
Rich Storm of Carlisle, Kentucky, has been appointed as the new Commissioner of the Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources, replacing Frank Jemley of Louisville, who has served as the agency’s acting Commissioner since March 2018.
During the season, which runs through May 31, the West Virginia Division of Natural Resources will stock lakes and streams around the state each week.
The Delaware River and Tuttle Creek Watershed Restoration and Protection Strategy (WRAPS) programs will host a one-day producer workshop from 8:15 a.m. to 3 p.m. on January 15, 2019, at the Nemaha County Community Building, 1500 Community Drive, Seneca.
Suggestions for regulation changes for 2021 will be welcomed during the open discussion. There is also time for one-on-one discussions with DFW fisheries biologists following the meeting.
Wisconsin DNR will be hosting 3 public meetings in January to provide an update on the status of the Winnebago System lake sturgeon population, highlight results from recent assessments, and answer general questions about the sturgeon management program.
In Southwest Florida over the past week, K. brevis was observed at background to high concentrations in or offshore of Sarasota County, and background concentrations in Lee County, but absent in most other areas.
WORKSHOPS
The DFW will host a 2-day Hooked on Fishing-Not on Drugs (HOFNOD) training May 17-19, 2019, at the Lighthouse Center for Natural Resource Education in Ocean County.
The Missouri Department of Conservation (MDC) will offer a free workshop on the basics of fly tying, 9 a.m. – 1 p.m., Jan. 19, at the MDC Northeast Regional Office, 3500 S. Baltimore St. in Kirksville.
Registration for the next Alabama Becoming an Outdoors-Woman (BOW) workshop opens on January 9 for first-time attendees and January 15 for both first-timers and those who have previously attended.

By Scott Maxham, Izaak Walton League

As the days shorten and get colder, our thoughts shift from outdoor activities to spending time indoors with friends and family. When it’s time to snuggle up by the fire, many of us might think it’s also time to put stream monitoring and the Clean Water Challenge on hold until spring. But there is still work to be done, even when the temperature drops.

Although we typically suggest biological stream monitoring (finding macroinvertebrates) in the fall and spring, we should not forget about water quality during the summer and winter months. Each season presents specific threats to stream health. In winter, road salt can cause serious damage to water quality. That's why the League created the Winter Salt Watch campaign – to help volunteers like you measure salt (sodium chloride) levels in local streams and alert local agencies when they spot a problem.

How exactly does road salt work – and how did we get to using up to 20 million tons of it every year?

Road Salt: A Brief History

Road salt was first used in New Hampshire in 1941 – and its use quickly snowballed. As automobile accidents decreased in New Hampshire, other snow-covered states took notice and began using road salt. In the 1950s, the U.S. highway system began a rapid expansion, and the increased mileage of roadways required even more road salt. It wasn’t until the 1970s that Americans began to realize the harmful effects of road salt on nearby lands and waters. Cities began to be more mindful of salt usage, but ultimately we were hooked and there was no easy alternative. Over the past two decades, some cities have looked into using salt alternatives, but other de-icers have failed to gain traction due to cost concerns.

Today, we use 10 to 20 million tons of road salt every year, depending on the length and severity of winter weather. The majority of the road salt we use comes from salt mines across the country (the same salt that is ground up for use on your dinner table). It is difficult to know when these salt supplies will run out, but it is certainly much cheaper to use domestic salt – on both our roads and our tables – than to import it from other major salt producers such as China.

The Science of Salt

Salt has the ability to both raise the boiling point of water and lower its freezing point. Fresh water will freeze at 32 degrees Fahrenheit. Salt water will resist freezing to about 15 degrees Fahrenheit. However, road salt does not start working until it has dissolved into a liquid, so new technologies include applying a salt solution or pre-wetted salt to allow it to start working immediately.

Other elements, such as calcium chloride, can drop the freezing point of water much lower than 15 degrees. However, they are typically not used on roadways because they cost twice as much as rock salt.

Salting Local Streams

When road salt is used to melt ice, it eventually runs off into the soil near the road. When winter is over, spring rains flush this salt into our streams, rivers, and lakes. This is a slow process. Even if we quit using road salt today, the salt already in the ground can persist for decades, and the salt content in our streams will rise as salt continues to percolate through the soil.

I frequently used chloride test strips with children during Creek Freaks stream monitoring events. After the kids figured out that chloride gets in the water through salt (sodium chloride), they sometimes asked if that is normal or if the fish can just live with salty water like they do in the ocean. Unfortunately, most freshwater fish cannot adapt to salt in the water. Salt can also be harmful to the aquatic macroinvertebrates that we look for during stream monitoring – these freshwater bugs can only tolerate so much salt before the stream becomes uninhabitable.

The Cost to You

We all know that fast food and convenience munchies are often laden with salt. But did you know that we use more than 10 times the amount of salt on our roads than is used in all American food processing each year? Doctors have become increasingly concerned that as road salt infiltrates our drinking water supplies, it can cause problems for people with high blood pressure because water treatment plants cannot remove all the extra sodium.

Road salt can hurt your wallet too. Rust damage due to road salt can shorten the life of your car (and drop the resale value). Road salt and its application cost the U.S. some $2.3 billion a year – much of that paid through your tax dollars! One study in Ohio found that the state uses 176 pounds of road salt per person each year.

Traveling safely is important to us all. However, we need to ensure efforts to keep our roads safe do not destroy water quality in the process.

It’s easy to check how much salt is in your local stream using chloride test strips, which provide an instant reading – and you can get a FREE chloride test kit from the Izaak Walton League! Sign up for your free kit and start collecting data now to get a long-term look at chloride levels and the health of your local streams.

FISHING CALENDAR
January 18-20
Fly Fishing Show

Royal Plaza Trade Center, 181 Boston Post Rd., Marlborough, Mass.;  www.flyfishingshow.com.

January 25-27
Fly Fishing Show

New Jersey Convention and Exposition Center, 97 Sunfield Ave., Edison, NJ;  www.flyfishingshow.com

February 2-10
Great American Outdoor Show

The annual Great American Outdoor Show will be held at the PA Farm Show Complex in Harrisburg, PA.

March 22-24
Palmetto Sportsmen’s Classic

State Fairgrounds in Columbia, S.C.; www.psc@dnr.sc.gov

 
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